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1.7.8. Actions at the road accident (malfunction)

If the engine is not started

ATTENTION
If the engine is not started, do not try to start it, towing the car. It can lead to accident or other damages. Moreover, start of the engine by means of towage, can lead to an overload of catalytic converter of the fulfilled gases and ignition.

If the engine is not scrolled by a starter or scrolled very slowly
1. If the car is equipped with the automatic transmission, transfer the selector to situation "P" or "N" and include an emergency brake.
2. Check connections of wires with plugs of the rechargeable battery to be convinced that they pure and dense.
3. Turn on the lighting lamp of salon. If the lamp burns low or dies away when the starter is included, therefore, the rechargeable battery is discharged.
4. Check density of connections of wires of a starter.
5. Do not start the engine by towage.
6. Check fuel level in a tank.

Fig. 1.139. Check of connections of wires of system of ignition


7. Check connections of all wires of system of ignition, the coil and spark plugs. Anew connect the disconnected or badly connected connections (fig. 1.139).
8. Check a fuel-supply line in a motor compartment.

Launch of the engine from an external source
The rechargeable battery used as an additional source has to have the rated voltage of 12 Century.
For start of the car with the discharged rechargeable battery from an external source in accuracy you observe the instructions given below.

ATTENTION
The gas emitted by the rechargeable battery during start of the engine is very explosive. Violation of these instructions can lead to serious damage of the car or traumatizing. If you are not sure of correctness of performance of this operation, ask for the qualified help. Automobile rechargeable batteries contain hydrochloric acid. It is poisonous and possesses corrosion action.

1. If the rechargeable battery used as an additional source is installed on other car, be convinced that cars do not concern each other.
2. Switch off all excess lighting and the additional equipment on both cars.

Fig. 1.140. Launch of the engine from an external source


3. Connect connecting cables to plugs of the rechargeable battery in the order specified in the figure 1.140.
At first connect the end of one of connecting wires to positive (+) the plug of the discharged rechargeable battery. Then connect other end of this wire to the positive plug (+) the rechargeable battery on other car (used as an additional source). After that, using other connecting wire, connect one its end to the negative plug of the rechargeable battery of other car (used as an additional source). Then connect other end of this wire to the block of cylinders of the engine of the car with the discharged battery, to the place which is most removed from the rechargeable battery. Do not connect a connecting cable to mobile details of the engine.
4. Start the car engine with the battery which is used as an additional source, and let's the engine work idling within several minutes. It will provide full recharge of this rechargeable battery. During start of the engine support turns of the engine of the car which rechargeable battery is used as an additional source of current, at the level of 2000 min.-1.
5. Start the car, using operations for normal start of the engine. After the engine is started, do not remove connecting wires and let's the engine work idling or at the level of 2000 min.-1 within several minutes.
6. Accurately remove connecting wires in the sequence, their return installation. At first remove a connecting cable from negative plugs, and then from positive.

If the engine overheated
1. Turn off road and stop the car in the safe place.
2. Transfer the selector to situation "P" ("Parking") (the automatic transmission) or the gear shifting lever in the provision of neutral transfer and turn on the parking brake. If the conditioner works, switch off it.
3. If cooling liquid flows from under the car or from under a cowl there is steam, switch off the engine. Do not open a cowl until cooling liquid ceases to flow from under the car or from under a cowl couples do not cease to go. If there are no visible signs of a leak of cooling liquid, do not switch off the engine and be convinced that the fan of a radiator of the cooling system works. If it does not work, switch off the engine.
4. Check existence of a belt of the drive of the pump of cooling liquid. If it on the place, check force of its tension.
5. If the driving belt or the pump of cooling liquid are faulty, or there is a leak of cooling liquid, immediately switch off the engine and ask for the help experts.

ATTENTION
Do not open a radiator stopper, so far the engine hot. There can be an emission of the boiling cooling liquid.

6. If the reason of an overheat is not found, wait until temperature of cooling liquid of the engine becomes normal. If there was a leak of cooling liquid, accurately remove a stopper of a radiator and add cooling liquid to a half mark of level of liquid in a broad tank.

ATTENTION
Strong decrease in level of cooling liquid demonstrates existence of leak in the cooling system.