1.7.4. Control of the automatic transmission

Fig. 1.135. Modes of switching of the avtomachesky transmission

The highly effective automatic transmission has four transfers for advance and one transfer of a backing. In night-time at turning on of the selector indexes on the panel automatically light up.

During the movement of the car it is impossible to transfer the selector lever to situation "R" or "P".

For optimum economy of fuel increase speed gradually. The selector will automatically pass to the second, third speed and into the Overdrive mode ("overgear").

Purpose of provisions of the selector
"Р" – "Parking".
Use this situation for keeping of the car on the place during the parking or start of the engine. At the parking of the car turn on the parking brake and transfer the selector to situation "P" ("Parking").

Do not move the selector to situation "P" ("Parking") until the car is completely stopped. The neglect this rule can lead to failure of the automatic transmission.

"R" – "Backing".
Use this situation for the movement by a backing. You transfer the selector lever to situation "R" ("Backing") only after a full stop of the car.
"N" – "Neutral situation".
In this position of the selector the automatic transmission is switched-off. In this situation it is possible to start the engine, however it is not recommended except cases when the engine decayed during the movement.
"D" – "Movement".
This mode is used for the movement, one of four transfers automatically joins. Never switch the selector to situation "2" or "L" if the speed of the car exceeds 95 km/h.
"2" – "The second transfer".
Use this mode when driving on the slippery road, at the movement uphill or for braking by the engine during descent from the mountain. The 2 mode automatically joins between the first and second transfers. It does not mean that there will be an increase to the third transfer. Nevertheless, the third transfer can join at excess by the car of a certain speed in order to avoid excess of the most admissible turns of the engine. At return to normal conditions of driving in the manual mode transfer the selector to situation "D".
"L" – "The first transfer".
This mode is used at the steep slope or when braking by the engine on abrupt descent. When switching to a L broadcast the transmission will keep some time the second transfer until the speed of the car decreases enough for inclusion of low transfer. Do not exceed speed in 50 miles/h on low transfer" L".

For ensuring smooth and safe work before transferring the selector from situation "P" ("Parking") or "N" ("Neutral situation") to the provision of transfer of a backing, completely squeeze out a brake pedal.
To move the selector from situation "P" ("Parking") to any other situation, the pedal of a brake has to be squeezed completely out.
To translate the selector from provisions "R" ("Backing"), "N" ("Neutral situation"), "D" ("Movement", the main transfer), "2" ("The second transfer"), in situation "P" ("Parking") it is always possible for "L" ("The first transfer"). At the same time the car has to be completely stopped not to damage the transmission.

Do not press an accelerator pedal when the transmission is in the mode of transfer of a backing or one of transfers for advance at the pressed brake pedal.
Always press a brake pedal when translating the selector from provisions "P" or "N" in provisions "R", "D", "2" or "L".
Do not use provision "P" ("Parking") instead of the parking brake. Even when for a while you leave the car, always turn on the parking brake, you transfer the selector to situation "P" ("Parking") and switch off ignition. Never leave the car unguarded when the engine works.
Regularly check liquid level in the automatic transmission and add liquid if necessary.

Methods of the correct driving
You do not transfer the selector from situation "N" or "P" to any other situation at the pressed accelerator pedal.
During the movement of the car it is impossible to transfer the selector lever to situation "P".
Before transferring the selector to situation "R", be convinced that the car is completely stopped.
You do not slide under a bias on neutral transfer. It is very dangerous. Always you hold transfer included in time of the movement of the car.
Avoid style of driving with frequent dispersals and braking and you do not hold the left leg on a brake pedal constantly during driving. It conducts to an overheat of brakes and loss of efficiency of their work. On long descents it is necessary to apply braking to prevention of an overheat of brakes the engine (including low gears).
At inclusion of a low gear slightly brake the car. Otherwise the low gear can not join.
Always use the parking brake. Do not rely on transfer of the selector to situation "P" for prevention of the movement of the car.
Be especially careful at movement along the slippery road. Be especially accurate during braking, acceleration and gear shifting. On the slippery road sharp change of speed can lead to loss of coupling of wheels of the car with the road and loss of control over the car.
For the most economic fuel consumption and smooth driving of the car include the Overdrive regime ("Overgear"). If there is a braking the engine in the range of "D" or at smooth rise the repeating switching with the 3rd to the 4th transfer and back is required, it is recommended to turn off the Overdrive mode. In all other cases the Overdrive mode has to be included.

Switch of the Overdrive mode ("Overgear")

Fig. 1.136. Switch of the Overdrive mode

At inclusion of the Overdrive mode ("Overgear") the box automatically increases transfers to the second, third and "Overdrive". If the mode is turned off, then the box will not increase transfer to "Overdrive". In normal conditions the selector has to be in a D position, and the Overdrive mode is included. If it is necessary to gain quickly speed, completely squeeze out the accelerator pedal. The box will automatically lower transfer depending on speed and loading of the engine.