1.7.3. Control of the mechanical transmission

Fig. 1.134. Modes of switching of the mechanical transmission

The mechanical box of the car has the standard scheme of gear shifting. It is represented on the gear shifting lever handle. All transfers for advance have synchronizers and therefore easily join.

At inclusion of transfer of a backing, after a full stop of the car detain the gear shifting lever at least on 3 св neutral situation. After that move the lever to the provision of transfer of a backing.

When switching the lever from the provision of the 5th transfer to the provision of the 4th transfer you watch to including by mistake the second transfer. Such sharp gear shifting can be the cause of excessive increase in speed of the engine (the shooter of a tachometer in a red zone). Excess of the most admissible turns of the engine can lead to damage of the engine.

Coupling use
Before inclusion of transfer it is necessary to squeeze out completely a coupling pedal, and then slowly to release it. Repeated pressing a pedal of coupling needs to be made only after its full reset. You do not hold a leg on a coupling pedal during the movement of the car. It can result in wear of a clutch plate. Do not apply coupling to deduction of the car on a bias, use for this purpose the parking brake. Do not allow the sharp and repeating coupling pedal otpuskaniye.
For economic driving it is recommended to switch transfers at the speeds specified in table 1.5.

Methods of the correct driving
You do not slide under a bias on neutral transfer: it is very dangerous. Always you hold transfer included.
Be not accustomed driving at which it is necessary to brake sharply. It conducts to an overheat of brakes and loss of efficiency of their work. On long descents it is necessary to apply braking to prevention of an overheat of brakes the engine (including low gears).
At inclusion of a low gear slightly brake the car. It will help to prevent excessive increase in speed of the engine and will exclude its breakage.
At a strong side wind reduce the speed of the movement of the car. It will improve its controllability.
Before inclusion of transfer of a backing, be convinced that the car is completely stopped. Otherwise it is possible to damage the transmission. to transfer the lever to the provision of a backing, at first squeeze out a coupling pedal, transfer the lever to neutral situation, wait 3 with, and then transfer the lever to the provision of a backing.
Be careful at movement along the slippery road and during braking, acceleration and gear shifting. On the slippery road sharp change of speed of the car can lead to loss of coupling of wheels with the road and loss of control over the car.

At loss of control over the car at high speeds the risk of a turning of the car considerably increases.
Loss of management often arises when two or more wheels move down from a road track, and the driver tries to return the car back on the road.
If the car moved down from a road track, avoid sharp turn of a steering wheel. Instead reduce car speed before again driving on the road.